All About Traumatic Brain Injury in Elderly

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Understanding TBI in Older Adults

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People who are in their senior years are at the greatest risk for traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), which can leave a person facing long-lasting struggles with memory and thinking capabilities. Severe or multiple TBIs have also been linked to the development of dementia. For this reason, it is important for seniors and their in-home caregivers to be aware of the common causes and signs of TBI so that long-term effects can hopefully be prevented.

Risk Factors for a TBI

TBI can occur anytime a person receives a direct blow to the head that injures the brain. Falls are the most common cause for TBIs in elderly patients. Car accidents, sports-related injuries, and objects that fall a person’s head are other potential causes. Sonoma elder care professionals remind caregivers and concerned family members that many of these risk factors can be reduced by taking preventative measures such as using mobility aids or wearing a seatbelt.

Common Symptoms

After TBI, a person may experience one or several symptoms that can range from mild to severe depending upon the injury. In some instances, a person may even lose consciousness for several minutes or longer. Other symptoms of TBI include:
• Dizziness
• Headache
• Memory loss
• Confusion
• Double vision
• Sleepiness
• Mood changes

Treatment Options

After TBI has been diagnosed through either clinical observation or brain imaging, a physician will decide upon the appropriate course of treatment. For mild cases of TBI, rest and a follow-up exam may be all that is necessary. However, the majority of seniors with TBI are hospitalized for a short period and require therapy to treat the long-term side effects.

Potential Outcomes

Those who have experienced mild TBI can look forward to a fast recovery, but they still may need to be alert for continuing symptoms such as memory loss or difficulty with speech. People who have experienced multiple TBIs, such as a former football player or veteran may go on to develop dementia or Alzheimer’s symptoms.

Interested in learning how to promote senior safety? Reach out to Home Care Assistance of Sonoma at (707) 843.4368. As a leading provider of hourly, live-in, and specialized Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and dementia home care Sonoma families trust, ensuring seniors have the support necessary to remain safe and healthy in the comfort of home is our top priority. Our dedicated Care Managers are available 24/7, our services are backed by a 100% satisfaction guarantee, and we never require long-term contracts.